: VLAN, Virtual Local Networks

Sim-Ex™ Tutorial for Network+

3.0 Network Implementation

  1. Basic Capabilities of Network Operating System (NOS)
  2. Firewalls
  3. VLANs
  4. Benefits of Using Antivirus software
  5. Fault tolerance
  6. Disaster recovery

3.3 VLANs

Using traditional LAN segmentation, all the segments will be in the same broadcast domain. This effectively, reduces the efficiency of the network. A traditional LAN segmentation is shown below.

aplus tutorial images

Figure 1: Traditional LAN Segmentation

VLANs: Using VLANs, the broadcast domain gets divided into the number of VLANs. If there are three VLANs, as shown in the figure, the broadcast domain will be split into three.

aplus tutorial images

Figure 2: Segmentation using VLANs

Logical View: Given below is the logical view of segmentation using VLANs. Note that a router is required to route traffic between VLANs, and each VLAN is in different broadcast domain.

aplus tutorial images

Only a single router is shown for simplicity. One or more routers may be used for routing interVLAN traffic.

With VLAN, its logical topology is independent of the physical topology. Each computer can be assigned a VLAN identification number (ID), and computers with the same VLAN ID can communicate freely as if they were on the same physical segment. The communications between VLANs is secure, because the packets meant for one VLAN will not be forwarded to other VLANs.

Previous     CONTENTS     Next

Disclaimer: Simulationexams.com is not affiliated with any certification vendor, and Sim-Ex™ Practice Exams are written independently by SimulationExams.com and not affiliated or authorized by respective certification providers. Sim-Ex™ is a trade mark of SimulationExams.com or entity representing Simulationexams.com.A+™,Network+™,Security+™,Server+™ are trademark of CompTIA® organization.