2.2 Identify steps to perform an operating system upgrade from
Windows 9.x/ME, Windows NT 4.0 Workstation, Windows 2000 Professional, and
Windows XP. Given an upgrade scenario, choose the appropriate next steps.
Windows XP Upgrade paths available: Windows XP Professional supports
upgrading from the following operating systems:
Windows 98, OSR2, Second Edition (SE),
Millennium Edition (Me)
Windows NT 4.0 Workstation (with Service Packs)
Windows 2000 Professional (with Service Packs)
Please note that Windows XP Home edition can be upgraded to Windows XP
If your system is running any OS not not listed above (such as Windows 95,
Windows NT Server, Windows 2000 Server, etc), you need to perform a clean
install. Remember that after clean install, you have to re-install all
Usually, Clean Install is the preferred method of installation
with most techs. This is because, an upgrade is cumbersome, and chances are
that you end up with some applications not working at all. Ensure that you
backup all of your data files before initiating any upgrade or clean
Winnt32 performs a clean installation or an upgrade to Windows XP. You can
run winnt32 at the command prompt on a computer running Windows 95, Windows
98, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT, Windows 2000, or Windows XP.
WINNT.EXE and WINNT32.EXE are used to launch the Windows XP installation
program from a command line. WINNT is used when booting from DOS or a boot
These programs are located in the i386 folder located in the root directory
of the CD drive of the installation set.
If you are buying a new PC, don't bother about minimum
hardware requirements. Usually, all branded PCs (from major suppliers) are
compatible with Widows desk top Operating System. But, if you intend to use as
Windows server with server OS (such as Windows Server 2003), better check for
you requirements more exhaustively)
Windows XP Professional OS requirements are given below:
PC with 300 megahertz or higher processor clock speed recommended;
233 MHz minimum required (single or dual processor system); Intel
Pentium/Celeron family, or AMD K6/Athlon/Duron family, or compatible
128 megabytes (MB) of RAM or higher recommended (64 MB minimum
supported; may limit performance and some features)
1.5 gigabytes (GB) of available hard disk space
Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher-resolution video adapter and monitor
CD-ROM or DVD drive
Keyboard and Microsoft Mouse or compatible pointing device
In addition to the above, if you are connecting to the Internet, you
may need a modem (a dial up or broadband). If you are participating in a
network, you may also need a network interface care (NIC).
The Windows XP compatibility tool enables you to verify compatibility
problems with hardware or software on a computer that is to be upgraded to
Windows XP. You can run this compatibility tool from the Windows XP CD-ROM by
following these steps:
1. Insert the Windows XP (Home Edition or Professional) CD-ROM.
2. From the Welcome to Microsoft Windows XP screen, choose the Check System
3. Choose the Check My System Automatically link.
You can also test your computer’s Windows XP compatibility from command
prompt or the Run dialog box by typing the command checkupgradeonly. (example:
d:\i386\WINNT32 /CHECKUPGRADEONLY, where d: is the drive containing the
Windows XP CD-ROM)
Service Packs (short name SP) are the means by which Windows
Operating System cumulative updates are distributed. Service packs may
contain updates for system reliability, program compatibility, security,
feature enhancements etc. All of these updates are conveniently bundled for
easy downloading. Microsoft maintains a web page for verifying SP updates at
Windows OS Service Packs are available for the following:
- Windows XP
- Windows Server 2003
- Windows 2000
- Windows 98
- Windows 95
- Windows NT 4.0
Usually, service packs contain all patches, and updates too.
Once you have downloaded and installed latest SP, check for any patches or
updates. Patches and updates are usually smaller downloads, and bundled in
to Services Packs. Always ensure that your OS has the latest SP installed.
You can use the Add or Remove Programs tool to add the Windows XP
components that you did not select when you performed the original
installation of Windows XP, for example, networking options or Indexing
Also, the Add or Remove Programs tool helps you to manage programs on your
computer. This tool enables you to add a new program, or to change or remove
an existing program.
How to Install Windows Components:
Log on to the computer as an administrator.
Click Start, and then click Control Panel.
In Control Panel, double-click Add or Remove Programs.
Click Add/Remove Windows Components.
The Windows Components Wizard starts and the Windows Components screen
appears. The components that are available are:
Accessories and Utilities
Internet Information Services
(IIS) (only XP professional)
Management and Monitoring Tools
Message Queuing (only XP professional)
Other Network File and Print Services
Update Root Certificates
You can either click to select or click to clear each check
box to add or remove a component.
Follow the instructions in the Windows Components Wizard.
For adding/removing Windows components, you need to log-in with